- Cognitive: mental processes like thinking. The word “cognitive” refers to everything that goes on in your mind.
- Behaviour: refers to everything that you do – what you say, how you try to solve problems, how you act and avoidance. Behaviour refers to both action and inaction.
- Therapy: a systematic approach to combating a problem or irregular condition.
Thus, CBT is a goal-directed, systematic, problem-solving approach to emotional problems.
The essence of CBT is that you feel the way you think. CBT encourages you to understand that your thinking or beliefs lie between the event and your ultimate feelings and actions. Therefore, CBT works on the principle that you can live more happily and productively if you are thinking in healthy ways.